In this article by Christine King from Australia "traditional agriculture" is described as "broad scale monocropping" - what most of us would describe as conventional agriculture. From an Australian point of view this might be acceptable, but compare Australian monocultures to Portuguese fields! What we consider "truly traditional" - lameiros - and 1000ha cereal fields. The concept "traditional" can be used for everything - so maybe it's better to avoid it instead. That's something it has in common with the concept "sustainability".